PROOFREADING

If you request the proofreading service, a PhD-qualified editor will conduct a comprehensive and detailed check through your draft copy that will highlight and repair issues relating to spelling, punctuation and grammar. We recommend this service to authors who although having a good command of the English language, also require a professional review to repair any remaining errors that may still exist, and so polish the overall document. Although conformity to your referencing style will also be maintained, no extensive changes to the writing style or syntax will be made at the proofreading level.

The proofreading process will:

  • Locate and repair
    typographic errorsComments will be left if there is any uncertainty
  • Check and correct your
    spelling, grammar and punctuationPlease state your preference for British or American English
  • Ensure all abbreviations are presented
    effectively and consistentlyPlease include a link to your journal or institution’s formatting requirements
  • Repair or comment on any logic issues
    relating to your contentOur editors can offer valuable input before you submit your manuscript
  • Review your tables, figures and footnotes
    for continuityPlease include a link to your journal or institution’s formatting requirements

COPY-EDITING

At the copy-editing level, a PhD-qualified editor will apply the same detailed search for inaccuracies in spelling, punctuation and grammar as found at the proofreading level. However, the document will also be developed from a stylistic and syntactic perspective. As a result of this enhanced process, appropriate synonyms will be inserted where words are repeatedly used in close proximity, while sentences will be merged through linking structures and rephrased if necessary. Through this process, the document’s written standard is improved and elevated to the level of a native English reader’s expectations.

The editing process will:

  • Locate and repair
    typographic errorsComments will be left if there is any uncertainty
  • Check and correct your
    spelling, grammar and punctuationPlease state your preference for British or American English
  • Ensure all abbreviations are presented
    effectively and consistentlyPlease include a link to your journal or institution’s formatting requirements
  • Repair or comment on any logic issues
    relating to your contentOur editors can offer valuable input before you submit your manuscript
  • Review your tables, figures and footnotes
    for continuityPlease include a link to your journal or institution’s formatting requirements
  • Edit syntax/sentence/paragraph structure to
    enhance fluencyThis includes sentence linking strategies and the inclusion of discourse markers
  • Develop your writing style through the inclusion of
    more appropriate lexisEnsuring that the register of the manuscript meets the expected requirements
  • Replace repeated non-specialised vocabulary with
    direct synonymsEnhancing the readability by removing repetition
  • Format the manuscript to satisfy
    the submission guidelinesAdjusting the font style, page layout, tables and references

Please note that where the standard of written English is upper-intermediate (CEFR B2 | IELTS 6.5) or below, authors may only be eligible for the copy-editing service due to the additional work required to repair the text.