PROOFREADING

If you ask us to proofread your document, then the editor will conduct a comprehensive and detailed check through your draft copy that will highlight and repair issues relating to spelling, punctuation and grammar. We recommend this service to authors who although having a good command of the English language, also require a professional review to repair any remaining errors that may still exist, and so polish the overall document. Although conformity to your referencing style will also be maintained, no extensive changes to the writing style or syntax will be made at the proofreading level.

COPY-EDITING

By requesting document copy-editing, the editor will apply the same detailed search for inaccuracies in spelling, punctuation and grammar as found at the proofreading level. However, the document will also be developed from a stylistic and syntactic perspective. As a result of this enhanced process, appropriate synonyms will be inserted where words are repeatedly used in close proximity, while sentences will be merged through linking structures and rephrased if necessary. Through this process, the document’s written standard is improved and elevated to the level of a native English reader’s expectations.

The proofreading process will:

  • Locate and repair typographic errors
  • Check and correct your spelling, grammar and punctuation
  • Ensure all abbreviations are presented effectively and consistently
  • Review your tables, figures and footnotes for continuity

The copy-editing process will:

  • Locate and repair typographic errors
  • Check and correct your spelling, grammar and punctuation
  • Ensure all abbreviations are presented effectively and consistently
  • Review your tables, figures and footnotes for continuity
  • Edit syntax/sentence/paragraph structure to enhance fluency
  • Develop your writing style through the inclusion of more appropriate lexis
  • Replace repeated non-specialised vocabulary with direct synonyms
  • Format the manuscript to satisfy the submission guidelines


Please note that where the standard of written English is upper-intermediate (CEFR B2 / IELTS 6.5) or below, authors may only be eligible for the copy-editing service due to the additional work required to repair the text.


Note that this service will repair and enhance the standard of written English from a language perspective. The editors will assume that your field-specific terminology has been effectively employed in the document.